SynopsisIn this passage Jesus pauses from his parables and asks his listeners if they have understood what he’s been telling them. I believe Jesus is only talking to the disciples at this point, not the large crowd; if I’m reading this correctly, verses 1–9 were to the crowd, and verses 10–52 are to the disciples in private.
At any rate, whoever the listeners are, they indicate to Jesus that yes, they have understood him. (Another indication that these are the disciples, not the large crowd, because of verse 11 (ESV), but maybe I’m stretching the point on that one.) Jesus tells them that a “scribe” who has been trained for the kingdom of heaven is “like a master of a house, who brings out of his treasure what is new and what is old” (verse 52 (ESV)).